Cortisol is an important hormone produced by the adrenal glands, it is secreted by the body in response to stress and is one of the hormones involved in the fight or flight response.
In small doses, cortisol secretion has many benefits. It prepares you for physical and emotional challenges, generates bursts of energy in the face of trauma – it’s the
If you're exposed to continuous or prolonged stress, which results in the continuous production of cortisol. This can be problematic
In roughly half of the people who live with depression, cortisol peaks earlier in the morning and does not level off or decrease in the afternoon or evening.
Ongoing stress means that stress hormones are operating throughout the day for most of the day. This is exhausting to the body and may cause the neurotransmitters in your brain like serotonin—the "feel good" chemical that appears to influence mood, appetite, and sleep, among other things—to stop functioning correctly, potentially leading to depression.